English Language Proficiency Requirements
The University of Minnesota Twin Cities requires some applicants to submit English language proficiency test results when they apply for undergraduate admissions.
The following applicants are required to submit English proficiency test results:
- International students (except for those from an exempt country)
- Permanent residents / U.S. citizens who have lived in the United States less than 8 years (except for those from an exempt country)
Applicants will know if an English proficiency test is required via Application Tracker.
Please note: an English proficiency test may be waived if applicants meet the English proficiency requirements in an alternate way; for instance, ACT or SAT results, transfer courses from other U.S. institutions, specific high school curriculums, or country of origin. See below for more information on ways to meet this requirement.
English Proficiency Test Options
The University of Minnesota Twin Cities accepts the results from the English language proficiency tests listed below. Registration information is available at each test's website.
Minimum Required Scores for Admission
|Test||Test Score||Writing Subscore|
|TOEFL iBT (U of M test code: 6874)||79*||21|
|Pearson Test of Academic English (PTE Academic)||59||59|
|Cambridge Assessment English (CAE) C1 Advanced||180||180|
All undergraduate programs at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities require a specific minimum score for admission. The Carlson School of Management will not admit applicants who have not met both the Total Score and Writing Subscore requirements. Some undergraduate programs may admit students with lower scores.
*The University of Minnesota Twin Cities does not consider MyBest Scores: Sum of Highest Section Scores of the TOEFL iBT Score Report to meet the minimum total score requirement for admission. Freshman applicants should self-report their highest Total Score from the one test date as well as their highest Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing subscores each from one test date. Transfer applicants should submit their official TOEFL iBT scores via ETS.
Alternate Test Options due to COVID-19
The following English proficiency measures will be accepted for Fall 2022 and Spring 2023 application purposes during the COVID-19 pandemic. If you are admitted and confirm enrollment prior to your first semester at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities, you may need to verify your English proficiency by testing on arrival to campus with the Minnesota English Language Program (MELP).
|Test||Test Score||Writing Subscore|
|TOEFL iBT Special Home Edition||79||21|
|TOEFL ITP Plus for China||550||n/a|
*Scores through December 2020 are valid for two years. Freshman applicants who plan to submit their TOEFL ITP Plus for China results should self-report their scores via the Self-Reported Academic Record form, or send their official TOEFL ITP Plus for China scores.
High School Curriculum
Students enrolled in AP English, A-level English or IB English Language and Literature within or outside of the United States are exempted from providing an English proficiency test.
ACT or SAT
Applicants who have exceeded the following minimum required scores on ACT or SAT may be exempted from the English proficiency test. (Submitting an ACT/SAT score is not required for 2022 applicants.)
|ACT||Minimum Required Score|
|Both English & Reading||21|
|SAT||Minimum Required Score|
|Evidence Based Reading & Writing||540|
|Writing & Language||28|
U.S. Transfer Coursework
Transfer applicants may be exempt from the English proficiency test if they have successfully completed one of the following:
- 26 or more transferable semester credits at a two or four-year post-secondary institution in the United States AND the equivalent of the U of MN first-year English writing course requirement with a grade of C or better; OR
- 60 or more transferable semester credits at a two or four-year postsecondary institution in the United States
The English proficiency test exemption may be granted on a case-by-case basis upon successful completion of one full year of transferable credits from a U.S. institution even if the applicant has not met one of the requirements stated above. Contact the Office of Admissions with questions.
Exemption by Country
Applicants from the following countries whose first language is English are exempt from the English language test requirement:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- British Virgin Islands
- Canada (except Quebec)
- Cayman Islands
- Federated States of Micronesia
- New Zealand
- Northern Ireland
- Shetland Islands
- St. Kitts-Nevis
- St. Lucia
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- U.S. Territories including American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands
Current MELP Students
Students who currently enroll in the Minnesota English Language Program (MELP) Intensive English Program (IEP) may use their grades, coursework and End of Term Assessment (ETA) scores or the Minnesota Battery (MNBat) in lieu of other English proficiency test results. This is for students who are applying for degree admission while enrolled in MELP. Students who leave the program and apply for admission for a later term may need to submit other evidence of English proficiency.
I’m a US citizen or permanent resident. Do I need to take an English proficiency test?
If you have lived in the United States for less than 8 years, you may be required to submit the results of an English proficiency test. An English proficiency test may be waived if you meet the English proficiency requirements in alternate ways. Review “Alternate ways to meet English Proficiency Requirements > Exemption by Country.”
How do I know whether or not I have completed more than 26 transferable semester credits and the course equivalent to the U of M first-year writing course at a U.S. institution?
To determine if your classes will transfer to the University of Minnesota Twin Cities and if your class is the equivalent of the U of M first year or freshman writing requirement, please visit transferology.com. Transferology is a transfer credit database that lists all transfer courses previously evaluated by the U of M Twin Cities.
You will need to create an account, and place the credits you are inquiring about into the "Will My Courses Transfer" section. Once these courses are entered, click search for matches and find the University of Minnesota Twin cities. Select the percentage rate that is shown. Transferology now will bring up a list of what courses will transfer, and what they will transfer as. For the English proficiency requirement, you will check if the course is listed as a First Year Writing Course.
Note: Currently, the University of Minnesota Twin Cities does not provide international transfer credit evaluation through Transferology.
What if my English proficiency score does not meet the minimum required scores?
All undergraduate programs at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities require a specific minimum score for admission. The Carlson School of Management will not admit applicants who have not met both the Total Score and Writing Subscore requirements.
Some undergraduate programs and colleges may admit students with lower scores. After they are admitted and confirm their enrollment, they can fulfill the University of Minnesota English proficiency requirements. We place an AZ hold on these student's University of Minnesota accounts.
U.S. citizens and permanent residents who are otherwise eligible for admission to the President's Emerging Scholars (PES) Program in the College of Education and Human Development may study English through the College English Transitions program. International students on visas are not eligible for this program.
College English Transitions is a freshman program at the U of M for students who are non-native speakers of English. The program is designed to help students build academic English skills while taking a sequence of typical President's Emerging Scholars Program courses, including: freshman writing, speech, and reading courses connected to biology, sociology, chemistry, and psychology. All courses offer college credit and fulfill U of M requirements. For more information regarding the College English Transitions program, contact 612-625-0772 or cehd.umn.edu/trio/cet.
Some international freshman applicants whose English proficiency test scores do not meet the University's minimum requirements are automatically considered for Conditional Admission to the University of Minnesota based on a review of their completed application for admission. Review "Conditional Admissions for International Freshmen” below.
What is an AZ hold on my student account?
The AZ hold is a reminder that degree-seeking undergraduate students who did not meet the University of Minnesota's English proficiency requirements at the time of admittance still need to fulfill the requirements. The AZ hold does not mean you have been offered Conditional Admission.
In order to have the AZ hold cleared, students can select one of the following options:
- Take an English proficiency test and submit an official test score report. Both the Total Score and Writing Subscore must exceed the minimum required scores.
- Upon arrival to campus, take an English proficiency test administered by the University's Minnesota English Language Program (MELP). Depending on your test results, you may be required to take one or two English language courses in your major area of study during your first year, in addition to academic courses. Contact MELP at [email protected] for more information.
- If you do not wish to take an English proficiency test, enroll in one or two English language courses during your first year, in addition to academic courses. At orientation, your academic advisor will assist you with selecting English language courses. You will receive University elective credit for your English language courses.
- If you are a transfer student and have successfully completed the required number of transferable semester credits and the equivalent of the University of Minnesota first-year English writing course requirement at a U.S. institution, submit an updated official transcript to the Office of Admissions.
Conditional Admissions for International Freshman
The University of Minnesota Twin Cities offers conditional admission to a limited number of academically qualified fall term international freshman applicants who require additional English language instruction in order to be successful degree-seeking students at the University of Minnesota. This program is intended for students whose English language proficiency test scores indicate they would benefit from an entire year of intensive English language instruction.
Students accepted to this program complete one year of intensive English language study at the University's Minnesota English Language Program (MELP). After one year, program participants who have demonstrated high enough English proficiency are admitted for the following fall semester as a degree-seeking student.
For more information, visit Frequently Asked Questions about Conditional Admission.
Note: The University of Minnesota Twin Cities does not offer Conditional Admission for transfer applicants. Transfer applicants may apply for a later term after they have completed the English proficiency requirement.
What is the minimum required English proficiency test score for Conditional Admission?
|Test||Minimum Total Score|
|TOEFL iBT (U of M test code: 6874)||53|
|TOEFL iBT Special Home Edition||53|
|TOEFL ITP Plus for China||477|
|CAE C1 Advanced||160|
These scores have been determined by experienced English Language instructors and researchers within the University's Minnesota English Language Program (MELP), and they reflect how much progress can be expected in one year of intensive English language study.
Can I be considered for Conditional Admission? How do I apply for Conditional Admission?
Conditional Admissions may be available for an international freshman applicant. To be considered for Conditional Admission, submit a complete application for freshman admission to the University of Minnesota Twin Cities by the application deadlines.
We offer Conditional Admission to a limited number of academically qualified international freshman applicants who require additional English language instruction in order to be successful degree-seeking students at the University of Minnesota. Conditional admission is offered for fall semester only. This program is intended for students whose English language proficiency test scores indicate they would benefit from an entire year of intensive English language instruction.
For more information, visit Frequently Asked Questions about Conditional Admission.
Can I study English language at the University of Minnesota before applying for freshman or transfer admission?
Yes. The University's Minnesota English Language Program (MELP) offers an Intensive English Language program for international students wishing to improve their English skills before applying for admission. Students who take English language courses at the MELP have access to the University's many resources and facilities. Classes are small, instructors are highly qualified, and students will receive advising and support services designed specifically for them. More information on the MELP is available below.
Minnesota English Language Program (MELP)
University of Minnesota
College of Continuing & Professional Studies
20 Nicholson Hall
216 Pillsbury Drive SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
Email: [email protected]